名畫檔案計數器

著作權含人格權及著財權

著 財 權 保 護 期 間 之 畫 作 恕 不 接 受 訂 製 ( 可 選 購 原 版 海 報洽 達 志 影 像 授 權

 

著作人格權隨著著作人的死亡或消滅而屆滿,但著作人死亡或消滅後,關於其著作人格權之保護,仍視同生存或存續,任何人不得侵害。
至於著作財產權,原則上,存續於著作人之生存期間及其死亡後五十年。但別名著作或不具名著作、法人為著作人之著作、攝影、視聽、錄音、電腦程式及表演之著作財產權,存續至著作公開發表後五十年。

The right to control the copying, distributing, performing, displaying, and adapting of works ( including paintings, music, books, and movies ). 
The right belongs to the creator, or to persons employing the creator, or to persons who buy the right from the creator.
The right is created, regulated, and limited by the federal Copyright Act and by the Constitution.
The symbol for copyright is c. The legal life ( duration ) of a copyright is the author s life plus fifty years, or seventy-five years from publication date, or one hundred years from creation, depending on the circumstances.

無著作財產權或著作財產權消滅之文字著述或美術著作,經製版人就文字著述整理印刷,或就美術著作原件以影印、印刷或類似方式重製首次發行,並依法登記者,製版人就其版面,專有以影印、印刷或類似方式重製之權利。
製版人之權利,自製版完成時起算存續十年。
前項保護期間,以該期間屆滿當年之末日,為期間之終止。
製版權之讓與或信託,非經登記,不得對抗第三人。
製版權登記、讓與登記、信託登記及其他應遵行事項之辦法,由主管機關定之。

For a literary or artistic work that has no economic rights or for which the economic rights have been extinguished, a plate maker who arranges and prints the said literary work, or in the case of an artistic work, a plate maker who photocopies, prints, or uses a similar method of reproduction and first publishes such reproduction based on such original artistic work, and duly records it in accordance with this Act, shall have the exclusive right to photocopy, print, or use similar methods of reproduction based on the plate.
The rights of the plate maker shall subsist for ten years from the time the plate is completed.
The last day of the term of protection referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be the last day of the last year of such term.
Assignment or placement in trust of plate rights shall not be effective against third parties unless it has been recorded.
The regulations governing recordation of plate rights, recordation of assignment, recordation of trust, and other requisite matters shall be prescribed by the competent authority.

 

拜科技與法律所賜,名畫得以登堂入室;這也就是說畫作所有權和圖檔的所有權不同。
依此法源,人家可以臨摩、複製,或去羅浮宮把「蒙娜麗莎」拍回去賣(達文西已死亡不止50年),但你卻不能抓他拍的照片來用;因為你侵犯到的是該圖片的所有權人,使用時要獲得該所有權人的允許,而非羅浮宮或下一個畫作擁有者...畫作擁有者只擁有畫作的物權,無法主張畫作的著作權;畫作的著財權屆滿後(卒於1960年之前的畫家),任何人都可以在不影響著作人格權的情形下利用畫作圖像(著作人格權專屬於著作人本身,不得讓與或繼承,詳參 著作權法第 30 條 )。